The Yucatán Peninsula was the cradle of one of the most important cultures of Mesoamerica: the Maya. They developed a complete writing system and advanced astronomy and mathematics knowledge. They were also excellent architects, as seen in the temples, enclosures, and pyramids that survive today. We have chosen the four most striking and important archaeological sites in Yucatán.
Likewise, in Yucatán, the archaeological sites are perfect for learning about ancient cultures and appreciating their descendants. The Mayas of today take care of their history and natural resources and will be our guide if we dare to visit any of the following unique archaeological sites in Yucatán. So, without further to do, we begin our tour.
Ek Balam Archaeological Site
The archaeological site of Ek Balam is located between Mérida and Cancún. The site has one of the best-preserved artistic elements of the Mayas, which makes it a perfect place to explore and learn about the Mayan culture.
Ek Balam was also an important political and commercial center during its peak. And just like the ancient Greek constructions, the site has its Acropolis- the tomb of the first known king of the area, Ukit Kan Le´t Tok. For his eternal rest, the facade of Ek Balam is richly decorated with warriors, serpents, thrones, riches, and other iconographic elements that do not go unnoticed.
Labná Archaeological Zone
Although small, this site is primarily known for its rich exterior decorations that have survived after so many centuries. The arch is the most important construction, and in the covered places, we can still see the original color. We can also see miniature Mayan houses, and let’s not forget the incredible photos in front of the arch at sunset!
In addition, arches in architecture have always been an important piece to ensure stability and give stylistic beauty to construction. However, the Maya developed their style of the arch, called the Maya or false arch, which is different from the one used in Europe. The best-known example of this architectural style is the archaeological site of Labná.
X’Cambó Archaeological Site
Like Tulum, the archaeological site of X’Cambó is also located very close to the coast of Quintana Roo. Because of this, during its peak period, it was a salt trading site. In those times, salt and precious stones were the currency of several ancient civilizations.
In addition, the area stands out for its archaeological site and its proximity to Las Coloradas. A place where the lagoons are pink due to their high salt concentration. They are the primary salt producer in Mexico and the second salt producer in the country. So we can say that X’Cambó has never ceased to be a salt site after so many centuries.
Chichén Itzá Archaeological Zone
We cannot conclude this note without talking about the jewel in the crown. Chichén Itzá is recognized as one of the seven wonders of the modern world. It is enough to observe the architecture that prevailed and changed with the people who occupied the area. Although it never lost its beauty and imposing presence.
Cenotes, temples, houses, stelae, pillars, ossuaries? All the architectural grandeur of the Mayan culture is present in this area. Undoubtedly, Chichen Itza is the perfect place to admire the prowess of the men and value their heirs, who are with us today.
The Mayan culture spread throughout Guatemala, Belize, and parts of Honduras and El Salvador. However, we have chosen the most striking archaeological sites in Yucatan. Although they are not the only ones, many more are hidden in the jungle, waiting to be discovered on our next trip. We will not regret enjoying and getting to know these pearls of the Yucatan peninsula.
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